Graphene School 2014

 

 

ABSTRACT

Strong of close to ten publications a day and unprecedented financial support from the European Commission (FET-Flagship) as well as large-scale initiative in Europe and Asia, graphene is one of the hottest topics in condensed matter physics. The interest for graphene was revitalized in the mid 2000 by the measurement of their exceptional electronic properties and the realization that this single sheet of graphite is particularly attractive for electronic applications in the wake of carbon nanotubes (a rolled up strip of graphene, which study had started ten years earlier).

Graphene presents an unprecedented and unusual combination of properties: thinnest material, high electronic mobility and optical transparency, mechanical resistance and flexibility, impermeable membrane, potential for functionalization and interface with biology, etc . Similarly to carbon nanotubes, topology of graphene nanostructures (2D, 1D, 0D) determines their electronic properties. This opens large scope studies and applications in (opto)electronics, spintronics, sensors, catalysts, in chemistry and biology and as structural material. Studies in graphene also raise basic science question related to protected electronic states, like in topological insulators, and generalization to other classes of 2D materials (exfoliable compounds).

SCIENTIFIC BACKGROUND AND SCHOOL OBJECTIVES

In this rapidly developing field, 10 years after the pioneer publications in graphene and 20 years after the first description of carbon nanotubes, new concepts have emerged, on both experimental and theoretical sides. It is timely to propose a comprehensive and coherent scientific training that will provide a solid and structured foundation for young researchers in the field of graphene, carbon nanotubes and related topics (other 2D systems, hybrid structures, topological insulators).

The school is organized by the International Research Group "Graphene and Nanotubes: Science and Applications" (GDR-I GNT). The GDR-I is an international coordination network cross-linking research on nanotubes and more recently on graphene. It gathers European, American and Canadian partners (http://www.graphene-nanotubes.org/) since 1998. This event will be the third school that the GDR-I organizes in Cargèse, after a school on nanotubes in 2006 http://www.lps.u-psud.fr/Colloques/NTCargese2006 and one on Graphene in 2010 http://www.graphene-nanotubes.org/fr/previous-events/nanotubes-summer-school.html.